Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan Scheme (RMSA) 2023 | RMSA scheme fully explained

RMSA also stands for Rashtriya Madhyamik Siksha Abhiyan is a Government scheme. As we know our honourable Indian government always tries to make some new changes for the general people of India so that one day our India will again call a Golden Bird. There are many schemes with the government released from time to time. This time a new scheme comes under the name of RMSA. This whole blog is particularly dedicated to this scheme so that you get complete knowledge about it.

Brief Description of Project

Name of SchemeRashtriya Madhyamik Siksha Abhiyan (RMSA)
Scheme BenefitsAll students can easily access quality secondary education.
ObjectiveImprovement of Secondary education.

Table of Contents

  1. What is the RMSA scheme?
      1. Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan Yojana 2022 Key Highlights
  2. Why RMSA was introduced by the Government of India?
  3. Main Vision of Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan
  4. The objective of Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan
  5. Strategies of Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan
    1. Accessibility
    2. Quality
    3. Equity
    4. Institution Reforms and Strengthening of Resource Institutions
    5. Importance Physical facilities provided under the scheme
  6. Girls Education
  7. Education for SC/ST/OBC children
  8. Education of Children with Basic needs
  9. Conclusion
  10. FAQ

What is the RMSA scheme?

Before RMSA Sarvya Siksha Abhiyan (SSA) was launched in 2000 for the age group lying between 6 to 14 years old children and Abhiyam remained very much successful in India. The main aim of SSA is for children studying in elementary schools i.e. from 1st to 8th class. Now after seeing the success of the SSA government of India launched RMSA in 2009 for children studying in secondary classes means 9th & 10th classes and that is why this Abhiyan is called Madhyamik Sikhsa Abhiyan.

Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan Yojana 2022 Key Highlights

PortalRashtriya Madhyamik Siksha Abhiyan (RMSA)
Launched byDr Manmohan Singh
ObjectiveImprovement of secondary education.
BenefitsAll students can easily access quality secondary education.
BeneficiaryStudents will get a quality education.
Official WebsiteClick Here

Why RMSA was introduced by the Government of India?

Before this scheme children studying in secondary classes, i.e. 9th and 10th lying in the ratio of 52.3% in 2005-06 which is very less as the population of India is quite high so the ratio must be good and the aim of the Indian Government to make this low ratio to the 75%. This 52.3% ratio indicated to the government that very less children are taking secondary education which is a direct danger of indication for the future of India as we all know that the future of any country lies in the hands of the youngsters ad if the youngsters of India are not literate then that will create a problem.

So to increase this ratio and improve the quality of education among the children studying in the 9th and 10th class and also make the secondary schools within the reach of children in any region so that all children can easily go to school and afford the school of higher education. This is the reason for our government introduced RMSA.

Main Vision of Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan

Before explaining the vision of Rashtriya Madhyamik Siksha Abhiyan I just want to tell you that RMSA is called National Mission for Secondary Education and in short form, it is known as RMSA.

  • The main vision of RMSA is to provide a high-quality education to the children of age group 14-18 years old and the education must be of not very high price, easily accessible, and must lie within the reach of children so that children can go to schools easily.
  • The distance of a secondary school from a children’s area must lie within 5Km and the higher secondary school must lie within 7 to 10Kms.
  • The government under this scheme wnt that major children of India must access secondary schools till 2017 and they remain in that education till 2020 so children must not take a drop year after 9th or 10th and between 11th and 12th.

The objective of Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan

There are several objectives of this scheme when Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan was introduced and now the government of India is quite successful in its objective as now about 12 years are passed and we can easily see that the scheme is followed by the major population of India.

  • The scheme checks that the schools must have the proper staff to literate the children, and proper facilities for the children like availability of drinking water, tables and chairs, and other important facilities for the children.
  • All secondary schools must improve the facilities for the children as per the guidance of the Indian government and those norms are made for the wellness of education for the young people of India.
  • One of the major objectives of RMSA is that all children must have secondary education and this higher education must not be declined to any children due to lack of money, gender inequality, any physical disability, socio-economic or other barriers.
  • Also, RMSA made an objective that schools must ensure the children’s education and not single children remain deprived of secondary education of good quality.

School Profile and achievement number

S. NoCategoryNumber of Schools
4.Higher Secondary252

Strategies of Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan

There are many strategies RMSA follows like the accessibility of the scheme, quality of secondary education, equity among children etc which are described below in the deep.


  • One of the major strategies that RMSA followed, in the beginning, is to expand the secondary and higher secondary schools that are already established.
  • Under RMSA they also upgrade the SSA scheme for the development of primary schools, more benefits to the children, a proper environment for education and other faculties for the teachers and other staff members.
  • All Ashram schools that are run by the Government of India must also upgrade for educational purposes and other necessary physical activities must be performed by the children.
  • Secondary schools must also be upgraded as per the requirements.
  • New secondary schools or higher secondary schools must also be established under RMSA so that more children can participate and access secondary education.


  • The best-enhancing curriculum must be designed for the proper quality education of the children.
  • All learning resources include books in the library, a proper laboratory for physics, chemistry & computer, necessary physical education and other resources.
  • Arts and crafts type of environment should also be provided to the children so that the youth studying in secondary classes have multiple qualities and artistic vision rather than they have only textbook-centric abilities.
  • Learning resource centres should also be established like activities centres, yoga centres, debate competition centres, libraries, etc so that the overall development of children happens rather than them only having the power of memorization.
  • Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) launched the Adolescents education programme and now RMSA also following this strategy where adult education for HIV and AIDS is provided for the children so that they become aware of this disease and follow proper guidelines.
  • One of the best that RMSA is following today is to implement the examination conducted by schools. As many times children become very tensed about the upcoming exams so RMSA is trying to remove this and now focusing on a relaxed examination method also the mark sheet patterns are now replaced with a portfolio where not only academic performance is shown to parents but also the overall abilities, qualities are shown in the portfolio which is a very good step of RMSA.
  • Guiding the children about their future progress and career and also counselling sessions for the children by the Indian government.
  • Teachers of specific subjects should be allowed to the children as one teacher can’t teach three to four subjects in the same class because it will ruin the interest of the class in that subject which is not right. So subject-specialised teachers must be provided to the students.
Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan


  • In terms of education, there should not be any kind of discrimination among children and all children irrespective of the cast must have higher education.
  • SC, ST, OBC and other backward classes must not remain away from acquiring high education.
  • A scholarship system should also be given to children who are needy in secondary classes.
  • All proper facilities should be provided to children who are mentally or physically disabled so that they can also have some skills to live their lives and earn some money.
  • The toilets for boys and girls should not be the same. Separate blocks should be allotted to them.
  • Online learning practices also be given to children so that distance doesn’t become a barrier to their education.
  • All children whether they are more intelligent or less, whether they are physically or mentally disabled or other, must be treated the same and remain in the same class to avoid any kind of discrimination.

Institution Reforms and Strengthening of Resource Institutions

  • Reforms in school governance are mandatory so that the overall performance of a school can increase.
  • New techniques must be accepted and followed by the schools and old teachers must be replaced by the new ones, proper training for teachers, tests for knowledge of teachers, teaching experience review from children and etc.
  • Proper salary to the teachers as per their teaching capability, building maintenance of the schools must be done from time to time and other workers of the school must be properly maintained by the head of school.

Importance Physical facilities provided under the scheme

Major physical abilities are already discussed above but still below is the complete list of which physical facilities must be provided by the school,

  • Extra Classrooms
  • Proper Toilet Blocks
  • Laboratories
  • Art and Craft Room
  • Libraries
  • Drinking and Water facilities for the whole school members
  • Proper hostel management for the children and teachers who are coming from remote areas.

Girls Education

One of the primary education on which RMSA is focusing is the education of girls. As of 2005 very fewer girls are allowed to enter the classroom and even many families do not allow girls to go to school which is not a good thing here is the main reason why RMSA was launched.

As the Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan’s primary focus is girls’ education so the government of India provide some additional facilities to girls regarding transportation like bicycle, pass facility, etc. Many scholarship schemes are allowed to girls so that they can continue their studies and money doesn’t become a barrier to their carrier. Other hostel facilities are given to the girl so that they can continue their study even if their home is not close distance to the schools.

Women teachers who are working in rural areas should also be provided with the residence scheme. Other facilities like uniforms, stationery, and other requirements must be given to the girl.

Education for SC/ST/OBC children

SC & ST are the cast that is treated as a backward class in India which is not good. As all children can learn and become the future of India independent of whether he or she is from a backward class or a high class. Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan is doing quite well for the education of children of those casts. Like they are providing teachers of the same caste to the children so that children can openly discuss their topic with teachers and solve their doubts. Regular monitoring, scholarships, and training programmes for the motivation of education among the children are also provided by RMSA.

Education of Children with Basic needs

RMSA changed the old scheme with a new scheme as previously the scheme of Integrated Education for Disabled Children (IEDC) is now changed with Inclusive Education for the Disabled at Secondary Stage (IEDSS). Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan also checks that a student must complete 8 years of primary education then he/she should take participate in secondary school and must educate from 9th to 12th class.

This scheme also deals with the training programme for general school teachers so that all disabled children meet their needs and accomplish something in their life. This scheme has done a lot for the education of children.

Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan website official


We have provided almost all the necessary information regarding this scheme of Rashtriya Madhyamik Siksha Abhiyan. All details regarding this scheme are discussed above and we described each topic in detail. But if you still want to learn more about this scheme then you can go o the official website of the government. If you have a problem or if there is any question that remains in your mind regarding this scheme then please comment us in the comment box is given below so that we add more information regarding the scheme which will beneficial for you as well as for us.

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What is the slogan of the RMSA scheme?

Padhee Chalo, Badhe Chalo is the slogan of the Rashtriya Madhyamik Siksha Abhiyan.

What is the main purpose behind the launching of the RMSA scheme?

Improving the quality of secondary education is one of the main purposes of the RMSA scheme.

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